Integral Cryptanalysis of WARP based on Monomial Prediction


  • Hosein Hadipour Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria
  • Maria Eichlseder Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria



Lightweight cryptography, WARP, GFN, Integral cryptanalysis, Monomial prediction, CP, SAT, FFT key recovery


WARP is a 128-bit block cipher published by Banik et al. at SAC 2020 as a lightweight alternative to AES. It is based on a generalized Feistel network and achieves the smallest area footprint among 128-bit block ciphers in many settings. Previous analysis results include integral key-recovery attacks on 21 out of 41 rounds. In this paper, we propose integral key-recovery attacks on up to 32 rounds by improving both the integral distinguisher and the key-recovery approach substantially. For the distinguisher, we show how to model the monomial prediction technique proposed by Hu et al. at ASIACRYPT 2020 as a SAT problem and thus create a bit-oriented model of WARP taking the key schedule into account. Together with two additional observations on the properties of WARP’s construction, we extend the best previous distinguisher by 2 rounds (as a classical integral distinguisher) or 4 rounds (for a generalized integral distinguisher). For the key recovery, we create a graph-based model of the round function and demonstrate how to manipulate the graph to obtain a cipher representation amenable to FFT-based key recovery.




How to Cite

Hadipour, H., & Eichlseder, M. (2022). Integral Cryptanalysis of WARP based on Monomial Prediction. IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology, 2022(2), 92–112.