Cryptanalysis of Curl-P and Other Attacks on the IOTA Cryptocurrency
Keywords:cryptocurrencies, signature forgeries, cryptographic hash functions, cryptanalysis
We present attacks on the cryptography formerly used in the IOTA blockchain, including under certain conditions the ability to forge signatures. We developed practical attacks on IOTA’s cryptographic hash function Curl-P-27, allowing us to quickly generate short colliding messages. These collisions work even for messages of the same length. Exploiting these weaknesses in Curl-P-27, we broke the EUCMA security of the former IOTA Signature Scheme (ISS). Finally, we show that in a chosen-message setting we could forge signatures and multi-signatures of valid spending transactions (called bundles in IOTA).
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Copyright (c) 2020 Ethan Heilman, Neha Narula, Garrett Tanzer, James Lovejoy, Michael Colavita, Madars Virza, Tadge Dryja
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.